The members of the family Pomacanthidae are generally know as angelfishes and, like their nearest cousins, the butterflyfishes, are regarded by many divers and aquarists as being amongst the most beautiful and majestic fishes in the sea. The majority of species occur on shallow reefs in coral, algae and sponge zones, most going little deeper than about 30m but where conditions are pristine and water is very clear, many species go much deeper and few species only live deep (over 100m). Angelfishes feature a large and distinctive backward-protruding spine from the lower corner of the gill-plate (cheek spine) from which the family name was derived. This cheek-spine is diagnostic for all the species , even at juvenile stage, and readily separates any angelfishes from butterflyfishes that may be similar in shape. Mot angelfishes are robust with compressed, ovate to rhomboid shaped bodies, covered with small or tiny scales, and have a continuous dorsal fin. The mouth is small and jaws are set with many small, usually tricuspid teeth that are used for grazing algae or scraping sponges and other sessile invertebrates. Few species combine their diet with a variety of foods and some are planktivores.
Place of origin:Western Pacific
Known from scattered localities in the Pacific, from southern Japan and Micronesia to southern Indonesia and Tahiti, and Cocos-Keeling Atoll in the eastern Indian Ocean. Inhabits areas adjacent to steep outer reef slopes between 25-100m, usuallyseen deeper than 50m. A very beautifully marked angelfish in both sexes. Females and juveniles are boldly marked with black and white and a curving streak of blue on lower sides. Males feature two orange-yellow horizontal bands running dorsally and mid-laterally on the body. Attains 15cm excluding filamentous rays.