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Passer Angel : J


Passer Angel : J
Holacanthus passer
Place of origin: 
West America
Tropical eastern Pacific, from the Galápagos Islands northeast via Panama and Costa Rica to the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez), Mexico. Occurs on shallow algae-covered rocky reefs to about 80m depth. It can tolerate water temperatures as low as only 12 to 22º C, surviving the cold Humboldt current reaching from the south into the tropical eastern Pacific. The King Angelfish is often shy and usually solitary, but in some areas it is easily approached and sometimes encountered in large aggregations. Readily identified by its beautiful colors. Males clearly grow larger and bulkier than females and whilst females have yellow ventral fins, males have white ones. Juveniles have vertical blue lines on their rear half, the first one giving rise to the white bar. Length to 25cm.
The members of the family Pomacanthidae are generally know as angelfishes and, like their nearest cousins, the butterflyfishes, are regarded by many divers and aquarists as being amongst the most beautiful and majestic fishes in the sea. The majority of species occur on shallow reefs in coral, algae and sponge zones, most going little deeper than about 30m but  where conditions are pristine and water is very clear, many species go much deeper and few species only live deep (over 100m). Angelfishes feature a large and distinctive backward-protruding spine from the lower corner of the gill-plate (cheek spine) from which the family name  was derived. This cheek-spine is diagnostic for all the species , even at juvenile stage, and readily separates any angelfishes from butterflyfishes that may be similar in shape. Mot angelfishes are robust with compressed, ovate to rhomboid shaped bodies, covered with small or tiny scales, and have a continuous dorsal fin. The mouth is small and jaws are set with many small, usually tricuspid teeth that are used for grazing algae or scraping sponges and other sessile invertebrates. Few species combine their diet with a variety of foods and some are planktivores.

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