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Hawaiian Lemon Butterfly


Hawaiian Lemon Butterfly
Chaetodon miliaris
Place of origin: 
Central Pacific
Hawaiian Islands, where it is the most common butterflyfish. Found at all diveable depths and forms large schools. Adults swim in open water above reefs, usually feeding on zooplankton, but often cleans large pelagic fishes and may initially approach divers for this reason. In some areas they are fed by divers and in such areas they may cloud a diver entering the site. Similar to the closely related Chaetodon guentheri from the West Pacific in behaviour  and pattern of vertical rows of dark spots, but readily distinguished from it by its black caudal peduncle. Length to 16cm. 

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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