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Longnose Butterfly - Aust.


Longnose Butterfly - Aust.
Chelmon muelleri
Place of origin: 
Coral Sea
Only known from northern Australia to southern Queensland. Occurs inshore and usually on silty reefs, entering estuaries and harbours. Small juveniles are similar in colour to Chelmon rostratus, but they have a much shorter snout and are generally darker. Adults have dark shading over the posterior half of the body, but remain an attractive species with their bright orange markings. Length to 18cm.

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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