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Lunula Butterfly


Lunula Butterfly
Chaetodon lunula
Place of origin: 
Western Indian Ocean
Widespread Indo-West Pacific, replaced in the Red Sea by Chaetodon fasciatus. Coastal to outer reefs. Usually in pairs, but schools in oceanic locations. Adults in various coastal to outer reef habitats, young mainly in estuaries. Easily recognised by colour pattern on the head with angular black and white band. Length to 20cm

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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