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Pyramid Butterfly - Yellow


Pyramid Butterfly - Yellow
Hemitaurichthys polylepis
Place of origin: 
Widespread West to central Pacific. Usually found along clear coastal to outer reef walls. Schooling planktivore, often feeding in very large schools in current channels between reefs. Feeds on zooplankton at various depths. Sometimes the large schools are spread over a broad depth over a broad depth range, anywhere from surface to about 60m depth. Readily identified by its unusual colouration of a white and yellow-orange body and tail, and a dark to almost black head. Length to 18cm.

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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