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Sailfin Tang - West Ind Ocean


Sailfin Tang - West Ind Ocean
Zebrasoma desjardinii
Place of origin: 
Western Indian Ocean
Widespread Indian Ocean and Red Sea, ranging east to west Java and replaced by the closely related Zebrasoma veliferum further east. Inner to outer reef flats and slopes. Adults usually in small groups and may gather in large numbers for spawning. Readily identified by their rounded appearance and colour. Some variations in colouration and patterns between different geographical zone. Length to 40cm.
The common name "surgeonfish" is derived from a characteristic that clearly distinguishes Acanthuridae from other fish families: the spines or "scalpels" on the caudal peduncle, one or more on each side. Based primarily on differences in this characteristic, the family can be divided into three subfamilies: The Acanthurinae, in which the peduncular spineĀ  rests in a groove and can be erected in defence during the fights, the Nasinae and Prionurinae in which the peduncular feature is arranged as one or more fixed blades on each side, that are sharp and elongate with age.

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