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Black French: J


Black French: J
Pomacanthus arcuatus
Luogo d'origine: 
Tropical western Atlantic , common in Florida, Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. North to the Bermudas, even as far as New York, and ranging South Brazil to the major barrier for Caribbean fishes: the freshwater outflow from the Amazon. Found on shallow coral and rocky reefs to about 30m depth. The Grey Angelfish are usually in pairs and readily approach divers. Juveniles inhabit shallow patch reefs and grassy areas.
The members of the family Pomacanthidae are generally know as angelfishes and, like their nearest cousins, the butterflyfishes, are regarded by many divers and aquarists as being amongst the most beautiful and majestic fishes in the sea. The majority of species occur on shallow reefs in coral, algae and sponge zones, most going little deeper than about 30m but  where conditions are pristine and water is very clear, many species go much deeper and few species only live deep (over 100m). Angelfishes feature a large and distinctive backward-protruding spine from the lower corner of the gill-plate (cheek spine) from which the family name  was derived. This cheek-spine is diagnostic for all the species , even at juvenile stage, and readily separates any angelfishes from butterflyfishes that may be similar in shape. Mot angelfishes are robust with compressed, ovate to rhomboid shaped bodies, covered with small or tiny scales, and have a continuous dorsal fin. The mouth is small and jaws are set with many small, usually tricuspid teeth that are used for grazing algae or scraping sponges and other sessile invertebrates. Few species combine their diet with a variety of foods and some are planktivores.

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