The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.
Widespread Indo-West Pacific, but replaced by C.pictus in the southern Red Sea, with both occurring in Arabian Seas. Various rocky and coral reefs habitats, including estuaries. Juveniles range into subtropical zones. Identified by its white body with dusky lines running at angles upwards behind the head, then downwards and the black bands over head and tail. Length to 23cm.