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Heniochus Butterfly - Masked


Heniochus Butterfly - Masked
Heniochus monoceros
Place of origin: 
Western Indian Ocean
Widespread Indo-West Pacific,but separate populations in the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Pacific population ranges from Japan, through north-eastern Indonesia, to eastern Australia and Central Pacific, and the Indian population from eastern Africa to Andaman Sea and Christmas Island. Occurs mainly on rocky and sparse coral reefs, usually at depths of over 20m. Adults normally in pairs in the Pacific region and may form large schools in island locations in the Indian Ocean. Length to 23cm.

The members of the family Chaetodontidae, popularly know as butterflyfishes, coralfishes and bannerfishes. Most species of butterflyfish live in the warm tropical seas of the Indo-Pacific (about 90%) with the remainder in the Atlantic. Only a few species are found in subtropical waters, bordering onto subtemperate zones. The butterflyfish have a highly compressed body in which the back is raised , forming an elongate-oval to near circular shape in some; a small protactible mouth with brush-like teeth in the jaws; a continuous dorsal fin with strong and sharp spines in the anterior section, followed by a large-surface soft part; an anal fin mirroring the soft part of the dorsal fin , headed by 3-5 strong spines, of which the 2nd is often greatly enlarged.

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