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White Tail Kole Tang


White Tail Kole Tang
Ctenochaetus flavicauda
Place of origin: 
Central Pacific
Known from south-eastern Pacific and a variation in the south-western Pacific. Previously included with Ctenochaetus strigosus. Small juveniles are yellow but usually change to a dark colour at about 45mm length. It has spots on the head and lines along the body, similar to C.sp 1, but the eye is shaded with yellow along the back. Mouth has bluish lip. The caudal fin of the adult is white in the eastern region of south Pacific, but as a continuation of the body colouration in the western region. 
The common name "surgeonfish" is derived from a characteristic that clearly distinguishes Acanthuridae from other fish families: the spines or "scalpels" on the caudal peduncle, one or more on each side. Based primarily on differences in this characteristic, the family can be divided into three subfamilies: The Acanthurinae, in which the peduncular spine  rests in a groove and can be erected in defence during the fights, the Nasinae and Prionurinae in which the peduncular feature is arranged as one or more fixed blades on each side, that are sharp and elongate with age.

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